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Medical courses after 12th

Medical courses after 12th - Pursuing a career in the field of medicine is a dream for many class 12 students. Candidates who have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology can pursue a variety of medical courses after class 12 which offer a lucrative career.

Apart from MBBS and BDS, which are the topmost priority of the majority of candidates, there are other medical courses after 12th such as Nursing, Paramedics, Physiotherapy, Veterinary, and AYUSH which candidates can pursue. While admission to a majority of medical courses after class 12 are through NEET-UG, there are courses that accept other national and state-level entrance tests too.

The following article mentions the list of courses that both NEET 2021 qualified and not qualified candidates can pursue. Read the article below to check medical courses after 12th, exams accepted, eligibility, and career opportunities offered.

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Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery - MBBS

MBBS is a 5.5 year long undergraduate degree. Candidates are taught Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical and Clinical subjects during MBBS course. After pursuing the MBBS course, candidates are employed as doctors. Candidates who have studied PCB in class 12 are eligible to pursue MBBS course. Students should have attained at least 17 years of age for pursuing MBBS. Admission to MBBS in India is granted on the basis of National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET).

National Testing Agency (NTA) is the authority to conduct NEET-UG. On the basis of NEET admission to 80,055 MBBS seats in government medical colleges, deemed/central universities, ESIC and AFMS is granted. By qualifying NTA NEET candidates can get admission to top MBBS colleges of the country such as AIIMS, JIPMER, MAMC, AMU, BHU, and many more. Fees of MBBS course varies according to the respective institution. The MBBS course fee in government colleges is much lower in comparison to deemed and private universities.

MBBS course overview

Particulars Details
Course name Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery - MBBS
Duration of course 5.5 years
Eligibility Qualified or appeared in class 12 examinations with at least 50% marks.
Career Opportunities Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist
Minimum age 17 years of age
Exam accepted NEET-UG
Average Fee Rs. 71,000 to Rs. 2,100,000
Field Healthcare
Number of seats 80,055
Number of colleges 542 medical, 15 AIIMS and 2 JIPMER

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

BDS is one of the most popular medical courses in India. The duration of BDS course is 5 years which includes a year long rotatory internship. During the BDS course, candidates gain theoretical knowledge and practical dental surgery training. Like MBBS, to pursue BDS course candidates must have attained minimum 17 years of age and should have completed their class 12 with three core science subjects. Admission to BDS course is granted on the basis of NEET score. Only candidates who qualify the NEET-UG exam by passing the minimum cutoff are eligible to get admission to BDS in any dental college.

There are a total of 26,949 Bachelors of Dental Surgery seats across 313 dental colleges in India. According to NIRF rankings 2020, Delhi based Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences is the best institute to pursue BDS course. Other top dental colleges include BHU, Postgraduate Institute of Dental Sciences, and Jamia Millia Islamia to name a few. The fees for BDS varies across different dental colleges. BDS fees in private universities are on a higher end as compared to government or state colleges.

BDS course overview

Particulars Details
Course name Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
Duration of course 4 years
Eligibility Qualified class 12 with at least 50% marks
Fee Offered INR 50,000 to INR 12 lakhs
Course Type Regular mode
Starting salary offered Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 30,000 per month
Minimum age 17 years of age
Exam accepted NEET-UG
Number of seats 26,949
Number of colleges 313 dental colleges

3 . Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)

BAMS course is included under AYUSH courses in India. BAMS is a UG level medical course of 5.5 years of duration. BAMS graduates are employed as Ayurvedic physicians or doctors. The syllabus of BAMS course includes study of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery for treatment of human disorders. Post completing BAMS candidates can pursue M.S. (Master of Surgery) and M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) in Ayurveda.

The eligibility criteria of BAMS course is the same as of MBBS. Class 12 science students will at least 50% marks are eligible to study Ayurvedic medicine. Admission to BAMS course is granted through NEET exam. The admission process of the BAMS course is conducted by AYUSH Admission Central Counselling Committee (AACCC). Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Pune, Patanjali Ayurved College, Haridwar are some of the leading BAMS colleges in India. The fee of the BAMS course ranges between Rs 50,000 to 70,000 annually.

BAMS course overview

Particulars Details
Course name Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Duration of course 5.6 years
Eligibility Passed or appearing class 12 with minimum 50% marks (general category)
Minimum age 17 years
Exam accepted NEET
BAMS Examination Type Annual
BAMS Average Salary INR 2,00,000-15,00,000

MBBS Admission Process in India 2024

Admission to the MBBS course is granted on the basis of candidates’ performance in the national level entrance exam, NEET. Check the MBBS admission process in India below.

MBBS entrance exams

As aforementioned, for MBBS admission there is only one all India medical entrance exam - NEET. NTA conducts the medical entrance test based on the NEET-UG syllabus which includes topics from class 11 and 12 CBSE curriculum. As per the NEET exam pattern, MBBS admission aspirants need to answer 180 multiple choice questions out of 200 questions in 3 hours.

The NEET 2024 question paper is divided into three sections - Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany + Zoology). The NEET biology section carries the highest weightage with 90 questions that need to be answered, which fetch 360 marks. The remaining two sections of the NEET paper have equal weightage, that is 45 questions and 180 marks each.

What after qualifying NEET exam?

Once candidates have qualified for the NEET exam, they will be eligible to participate in the central and state-level and AIQ counselling process conducted for MBBS admission. NTA will prepare the list of NEET-UG-qualified candidates. Shortlisted students will be eligible for NEET counselling. To participate in the counselling and seat allotment process, students will have to register at the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) portal.

MCC will conduct the NEET counselling for 15% of All India Quota, deemed/central universities/AFMS, and ESIC institutes. During counselling for MBBS admission, students will have to register using their personal and NEET-related details, pay the counselling fee, and fill their preferences of the course and the colleges they wish to study into. Based on the choices filled by candidates, NEET All India Rank, reservation, and seat matrix, MCC will conduct the NEET UG seat allotment. Candidates who will be offered seats during seat allotment of MBBS admission will have to report to the allotted institute.

State-wise MBBS admissions in India

Admission to MBBS to the remaining 85% state quota seats in government colleges and all seats in private institutes will be conducted by respective state authorities. The counselling for MBBS admission can be conducted in offline or online mode. During state counselling of MBBS admission, candidates will have to register, fill choices of course and colleges, and undergo document verification. In addition to state quota seats, MBBS admission to 100% seats in private colleges in the respective state will be conducted by state authorities. Check the state-wise MBBS admission process below.

MBBS state admission through NEET

S. No. NEET 2024 admissions


AMU MBBS Admission 2024


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Assam MBBS Admission 2024


Bihar MBBS Admission 2024


BHU MBBS Admission 2024


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HP MBBS Admission 2024


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Rajasthan NEET Admission 2024


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NEIGRIHMS MBBS Admission 2024


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CMC Vellore MBBS Admission 2024


Sikkim Manipal University NEET Admission 2024